British Union of Fascists (BUF) Enamelled lapel badge 3rd type “For King & Country”.Circa.1930’s
Black enamelled lapel badge with pin backed fastening and numbered to the reverse,”22397″ manufactured by the Birmingham Medal Co. Pin intact but a little out of shape to say the least, otherwise in good condition.
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PLEASE NOTE:- WE HAVE ACQUIRED A SMALL COLLECTION OF VERY RARE BUF ITEMS OF WHICH ALL WILL EVENTUALLY BE LISTED ON THIS WEBSITE FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE. RARE BADGES & INSIGNIA, MORE V.RARE POSTERS & MUCH PAPERWORK/EPHEMERA.
The British Union of Fascists, or BUF, was a fascist political party in the United Kingdom formed in 1932 by Oswald Mosley. It changed its name to the British Union of Fascists and National Socialists in 1936 and, in 1937, to British Union. It was finally disbanded in 1940, after it was proscribed by the British government following the start of the World War Two
The BUF emerged in 1932 from the British Far-Right, following the electoral defeat of its antecedent, the New Party, in the 1931 General Election. The BUF’s foundation was initially met with popular support, and it attracted a sizeable following. The press baron Lord Rothermere was a notable early supporter. As the party became increasingly radical, however, support declined. The Olympia Rally of 1934, in which a number of anti-Fascist protestors were attacked, isolated the party from much of its following. The party’s embrace of Nazi-style anti-semitism in 1936 led to increasingly violent clashes with opponents, notably the 1936 Battle of Cable Street ‘in London’s East End. The Public Order Act of 1936 which banned political uniforms and responded to increasing political violence, had a particularly strong effect on the BUF whose supporters were known as “Blackshirts” after the uniforms they wore.
Growing British hostility towards Nazi Germany, with which the British press persistently associated the BUF, further contributed to the decline of the movement’s membership. It was finally banned by the British government in 1940 after the start of the Second World War, amid suspicion that its remaining supporters might form a pro-Nazi “fifth column”. A number of prominent BUF members were arrested and interned under Defence Regulations 18B.